Tuesday, August 16, 2022

Cranes- Tower & Mobile



In 2019, India became the 15th leading exporter of cranes in the world. This position will further improve in future as the government has ambitious plans to bolster infrastructural development in the country. If research reports are anywhere to go by, Indian crane market size is estimated to be valued at $1.3 billion, growing at a CAGR of 5.56% during 2021-2027. Automated safety features added recently in the products will provide players a significant edge over other players. Going ahead, advancements in technology and facilities will further boost the production and product portfolio for the companies operating in India writes, PRERNA SHARMA.


According to Research & Markets study, over the last three to four years, the Indian crane market has witnessed tremendous growth fuelled by government initiatives. The COVID-19 pandemic has hindered the growth of the crane market as sectors such as energy, manufacturing, construction, and automotive were affected significantly. The construction sector also witnessed a significant decline in the number of projects worldwide as most countries across the world imposed lockdown restrictions, disrupting the overall supply chain.However, post-pandemic, the market is expected to regain its momentum as economic activities resume and manufacturing activities start across the world. The implementation of automated technologies to reduce human interaction in production facilities and offices is anticipated to support the growth of the crane market over the projected timeframe.


The designs of cranes have evolved to meet the requirements of a variety of industries with modern cranes having the capability to coordinate simple systems to attain complex lifting tasks. A wide range of cranes can be used in construction projects to lift and move materials and other building elements from one location to another. They can be of multiple types and can range from a simple rope pulley to a tower crane fixed to the top of a high-rise building.


The global demand for cranes has been continuously rising driven by their unique property of lifting and transporting extremely heavy materials that are beyond the capability of manual labor. Cranes have been designed with such a technology that they can efficiently fulfil various industrial needs of achieving complex lifting and lowering tasks and that too in very dangerous environments. Catalysed by rising industrialization and urbanization, the construction industry has witnessed strong growth over the last few decades. Both residential and non-residential construction has witnessed strong growth in both emerging and developed markets. This has resulted in a continuous growth in the demand of various types of cranes. Growth in a number of other end-use industries such as mining; automotive; oil and gas; etc., have also created a positive impact on the global demand of cranes.


A rough terrain crane is preferred due to its compact frame. They are suitable for navigating through and lifting in confined areas. The construction of the Gujarat International finance Tec-city (GIFT city) boosts the development of new projects in the region. Thereby driving demand for tower cranes as they are commonly used to build tall structures such as skyscrapers.


Fast Facts
  • The Crane Market is estimated to be valued at US$48 billion in 2026.
  • The rise in infrastructure transformation projects and rapid development of the construction sector across the globe are attributing to the industry growth.
  • Construction projects proliferation and advanced technologies integration, such as telematics and fleet management by OEMs, are creating growth opportunities for the mobile crane market.
  • Mobile crane manufacturing companies are producing  the equipment with advanced technologies to reduce the repair & maintenance cost and improve the overall performance and safety of the machine.



The all-terrain crane segment is expected to dominate the market:

With the growing construction industry and industrial developments, all-terrain cranes are all set to gain significant traction across the globe. All-terrain cranes are widely used by construction and other end-user industries. They are preferred over the traditional lifting and construction equipment, which is likely to push the market for them over the forecast period. In addition, these cranes eliminate the requirement for dedicated transport vehicles. The added advantage of these cranes is their flexibility to adjust, which is attracting fleet owners and crane rental providers. All-terrain cranes are becoming popular in the new age of construction due to their high-intensity output and ability to work in adverse terrains and weather conditions, which is likely to aid their growth in the near future. The increasing preference for tall building constructions and mining and power resource developments have significantly driven the need for all-terrain cranes in the past few years.



We plan to launch the following cranes in the very near future.

  • In the Tower cranes XT1200 (80105-63) in the 63 ton capacity will be newly launched.
  • In the Crawler cranes XCG 45 in the 45 ton capacity will be newly launched.
  • In the ALL terrain Crane XCA 60 & XCA 300 will be the new launches.
  • In the Truck crane XCT 25 will be the new launch. 






Liebherr Patented VarioBase® (Variable Outrigger extension) System: VarioBase® means the maximum load capacity is calculated directly in the crane control. Thereby the crane control considers the current working position of the crane. It helps to consider unequal extended outrigger beams, e.g. at constricted job sites and provides higher load capacities and lager working areas. VarioBase® calculates for each job situation the maximum load capacity and makes crane jobs more secure. VarioBase shall have the capability to work on outrigger with extension of individual outrigger to the extent of available space without any step (continuous). Individual outrigger extendable arbitrarily to each other. The Crane system is able to calculate the relevant capacity according to each arbitrary outrigger position, which should be displayed in the operator cabin. SUBHAJIT CHANDRA, DIVISIONAL HEAD - MOBILE CRANE DIVISION, LIEBHERR INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED




Mobile Cranes

The mobile crane market was valued at US$15.72 billion in 2020, and it is expected to reach US$22.73 billion by 2026, registering a CAGR of 6.34% during the forecast period.The projected increase in demand for construction equipment, worldwide, is an important driving factor for the mobile cranes market. Various government initiatives and the exponential increase in the need for new and improved structures are increasing the market opportunities for the construction market.The increased need for renewable energy sources, like energy from windmills, is another areaof great opportunities for the mobile crane market. The compact space advantage offered by the mobile cranes makes them easier to fit into cramped-up construction areas for operations. Rough terrain cranes with high torque and offroad navigating capabilities are in high demand in both the construction and mining industries due to the operational advantages and efficiency these cranes offer.


The rising importance of safe, cost-effective, and speedy material handling activities in the construction & transport sector is driving the market growth. The companies are focusing on introducing new low emission mobile crane models to contribute to sustainable environment. For instance, in December 2020, Liebherr Group introduced electric crawler cranes, LR1200.1 and LR.1250.1. These are the world’s first crawler cranes that are battery powered and are equipped with 255kW electrical engines.


The mobile crane market is experiencing high growth on account of the integration of smart technology. Established industry players are integrating telematics platform into cranes to enhance equipment efficiency and productivity. For instance, in May 2021, Terex Corporation announced new telematics platform T-Link for all Terex rough terrain cranes. T-Link platform assists equipment owners to track the equipment’s real-time activities and location, allowing owners to monitor and manage their fleet efficiently. Telematics platform will increase the equipment’s working effectiveness and life expectancy.Terex’s products are offered with the IC-1 Plus control system, which helps operators in calculating the lifting capacity for each position of the boom. The integration of advanced systems, such as telematics, is anticipated to fuel the growth of the market.


All-terrain cranes hold around 25% of the mobile crane market share in 2020. All-terrain cranes have the capacity to achieve robust manoeuvrability and ability to perform operations in harsh weather conditions with superior mobility. High-performance efficiency in a variety of sectors such as power stations, oil & gas production, and construction sites is likely to augment the industry statistics. Continuous new product launches in the all-terrain segment are propelling the market expansion.


The cranes with above 30 tons lifting capacity are expected to witness a growth rate of over 6.5% through 2030 led by their high lifting capacities and enhanced working height. Companies are upgrading their previous models with single engine design to reduce the emissions and overall operating costs, improving their market share.


The high procurement and operating costs associated with mobile cranes, changing requirements of customers, and varying compliance and specification requirements from region to region are some of the factors that are expected to restrain the growth of the market. As the application portfolio of mobile cranes continues to widen, the product specifications for mobile cranes are also changing rapidly. As such, a standard mobile crane can no more cater to diverse customer needs. Product specifications can also change according to the region. For instance, a mobile crane that suits the European market may not be suitable for the North American market.


The truck-mounted crane segment accounted for the largest volume share of 60.9% in 2019. The rising demand for mobile machinery in power and utilities, construction, and other industries and industry verticals is expected to boost the growth of the segment. Truck-mounted equipment offer a high loading capacity and can help in transporting goods easily from one place to another. These products are typically used in construction projects, such as bridge construction, railway projects, and hydropower projects. The crawler crane segment is expected to register the highest volume-based CAGR of 7.3% from 2020 to 2027. Crawler cranes are compact and offer ease of accessibility required in small construction sites, especially in urban areas. Crawler cranes are considered the most powerful cranes for use in different projects involving heavy industrial materials and other large-scale construction activities. Nevertheless, crawler cranes and trailer-mounted cranes accounted for a smaller share in the market as compared to truck-mounted cranes owing to their limited operational capabilities.


Autonomous and automated crane systems allow remote access to the machines that operate without human drivers. With the utilization of artificial intelligence and connectivity sensors, mobile cranes can be monitored from remote operating sensors. This eliminates the chances of human errors by providing real-time information regarding, boom angle, load weight, horizontal reach, and crane’s efficiency.


Tower Cranes


Surge in urbanization, exceptional stability offered by tower cranes, and rise in investment on renewable energy development fuel the growth of the global tower crane market. Based on type, the hammer head segment held the major share in 2020. According to an Allied Market Research report, the global tower crane market was pegged at $6.68 billion in 2020 and is estimated to hit $9.90 billion by 2028, registering a CAGR of 4.8% from 2021 to 2028.Tower cranes are utilized for lifting and handling goods and materials. They are powerful equipment and can easily surpass lifting capabilities of any other type of crane. In addition, it offers extremely high lifting capability and offers peak efficiency, stability, and precision. Moreover, tower cranes are widely utilized in the construction industry, owing to the high demand for material handling on elevated levels. However, they also find applications in construction of structures such as dams, bridges, industries, power generation plants, and others. Further, tower cranes were first introduced by the company Liebherr-International Deutschland GmbH, headquartered in Germany in 1949, and witness a high demand in the global tower crane construction industry.


Tower cranes are mostly static in nature and thus, offer a stable and safe operating platform for lifting of heavy material. In addition, this also improves the efficiency of lifting in congested urban areas where the movement of lifting equipment is restrained due to the closely spaced building. Tower cranes are efficient for operations in rough and uneven terrains owing to the fixed foundation of these cranes. The fixed nature of tower cranes improves the stability offered by the equipment thereby, making them efficient in construction of bridges, railway lines, dams, and others. In addition, tower cranes are also helpful in lifting prefabricated components of bridges and other infrastructural structures, which is expected to drive the growth of the tower crane market.  


The key design elements of tower cranes have remained largely unchanged for many decades. With proper maintenance and repair, they can have a long lifespan, so cranes have not typically been at the forefront of innovation in the construction industry.In recent years however, changes in the construction sector and increasing improvements in health and safety have driven innovation in tower crane technology. This has resulted in higher levels of safety as well as better productivity and the ability to work in more challenging environments.



Automation gaining ground


New crane technology is superseding the cranes of yesteryear. With so many new innovations, companies can increase uptime, save on maintenance and energy costs, scale products with the business and extend the life of their investments.The trend of transformation to intelligent systems is driven by IoT and data analysis for service, networking, and sustainability. This is resulting in the cranes market  transit into an innovative industry. Innovation of smart cranes in the global market are gaining traction due to the shift of digitalization in technologies.


Konecranes technical experts highlighted that some new cranes offer robust, intelligently-designed modules that can be easily configured to meet a wide variety of needs. With this type of crane technology, users can change or add new features like remote diagnostics, maintenance monitoring or automated positioning depending on the business need. This type of crane technology can scale with the business, enabling companies to be morenimble and realize a greater return on investment.



Remote monitoring for better maintenance planning:


Some new cranes are equipped with intelligent service panels, allowing operators to diagnose and correct faults more quickly. The crane detects its condition automatically and communicates it to the operator via the service panel. It also recommends preventive service measures and inspections, so businesses can make smarter maintenance decisions, thus potentially extending the lifecycle of the product. It also helps to prevent unwanted and costly downtime. Some new cranes have remote monitoring capabilities to collect usage and condition data. In addition to remote monitoring, some new systems can also detect load weight and positioning, helping operators make smarter decisions relative to available space.


Another innovation is a crane with optimized pulley rope angles, which extend the life of wire hoisting ropes. This makes the angles smaller, reducing wear on the rope. Smart systems also communicate the condition of wire ropes and recommend replacement when needed.



Compact cranes bring many benefits:


Additionally, new cranes are smaller, reducing the need for expensive building renovations. Because smaller cranes can operate in much tighter spaces, they can position loads more precisely. New, smaller cranes are also designed to be more energy efficient. New crane technology cycles energy back into the power grid, which greatly mitigates warehouse energy consumption and costs. Some cranes are even manufactured with recyclable materials, supporting a company’s goal of being more environmentally responsible.


The Konecranes CXT Explorer is a transportable, cost-effective solution for all kinds of lifting. A simple yet innovative patented design, their popular CXT electric overhead crane is built into a tough steel structure atop a base of two standard ISO shipping containers. Resulting in a strong foundation under a powerful, adaptable and mobile crane that can lift up to 6.3 tons both indoors and outdoors.The crane offers a complete, durable, and efficient maintenance workshop. There is a plenty of room to work under a 5-meter lifting height and 5-meter span. With easy assembly, the CXT Explorer is ready to lift in just a few hours, and it packs up even faster when the work is done. The shipping containers double as storage units for crane components, service tools, equipment, and spare parts.


The new Terex rough terrain crane TRT 35 is a 35 t max capacity crane with a main boom length of 30.1 m. The model features the new TEOS Terex Operating System: on a 10’’ touch screen display, this new control system has a totally new user interface with improved information flow and accessibility, to increase customer’s operating efficiency. It has 35 t maximum lifting capacity; 30.1 m hydraulic four section boom - proportional telescoping mode; 32.8 m maximum tip height main boom; additional lattice jib of 8 m; 41.1 m max tip height with jib; four steering modes; extra wide and tiltable cabin; and ergonomic and customizable electro-proportional joysticks.


The latest version of Liebherr’s 110 tonne wheeled mobile telescopic crane has new features and updates to the crane control system, the driver’s cab and the gearbox.The LTM 1110.5.1 is now LTM 1110 5.2. It has a new driver’s cab, the new LICCON3 crane control system and the ZF TraXonDynamicPerform gearbox. There is also a new multi-disc oil-cooled clutch.The latest LICCON3 system is the third generation and comes with the same control features as previous versions but has updated software. It has more storage and more computing power. The touchscreen function has been simplified and the crane is now prepared for future telemetry and management systems.Features of the redesigned cabin include a multifunction steering wheel, side roller blind on the driver’s door, improved instruments and modules, plus new displays.Central locking is optional as are a cool box and a tyre pressure monitoring system, plus an automatic heating and climate control system.The new gearbox is a design collaboration between Liebherr and ZF. One of the aims was to reduce downtime by eliminating overheating.


SANY truck cranes come with enhanced features such as high stability, driving flexibility, high lifting performance, simple structure and high efficiency with maximum lifting capacity ranging from 25t to 160t. The adjustable hydraulic system and intelligent electric control system make the truck cranes in high efficiency and low fuel consumptions. It has excellent and Stable Chassis Performance/Chassis System. Double-axle drive is used, providing good traffic-ability and comfortableness under complex road condition with reliable travelling performance.Engine has the multimode power output function, which reduces power consumption.The use of tipping over early warning technology provides high stability and safety of the overall operation.Self-developed controller SYMC especially for engineering machinery is configured.The adoption of CAN-bus full digital network control technology ensures stable control signal, simple harness and high reliability.


Potain has recently introduced the new Igo T 99 self-erecting crane with improved reach and capacity from a compact footprint. The PotainIgo T 99 is a versatile telescopic self-erecting crane with a 6 t (6.6 USt) capacity and a 48 m (157 ft) reach. Its 38.5 m (126 ft) height under hook makes the crane ideal for a variety of jobsites. Compact transport dimensions, a compact footprint and an innovative unfolding procedure ease travelling to jobsites and erecting cranes in tight quarters. Potain Smart Set-Up technology, remote-controlled operation and an ergonomic Ultra View Cab ensure the crane is simple to operate in a wide variety of scenarios. The new PotainIgo T 99 ups the ante for self-erecting cranes with improved capacity and reach over previous models, but from the same compact footprint that the Igo series is known for worldwide. The impressive capacity and reach from this compact crane will enable customers to bid for and complete more jobs, as its travel and on-site dimensions makes for  easy to transportation and ideal for jobsites with tight working conditions.


Demag universal cranes provide the certainty of quality, efficiency and reliability at the highest level. Precise, fast, long service life – the Demag V-type crane revolutionizes load handling. Its innovative design featuring tapered diaphragm joints reduces oscillation frequency by 30%, cuts its weight by an average of 17%and doubles its service life to as many as 500,000 changes of load. Its new girder design offers significantly improved efficiency for handling loads and higher handling rates than conventional box-section girders. Its comprehensive product range can be used to create efficient solutions to meet individual needs. Many safety features and assistance functions are integrated into its Safe Control crane control system. They ensure that the loads can be handled safelyand conveniently according to the most demandingsafety standards.


The world’s largest top-slewing tower crane, W12000-450, has rolled off the assembly line at the intelligent tower crane manufacturing base of Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Co., Ltd., in Changde, Hunan Province. Zoomlion especially designed and built the model for the world’s largest road-rail cable-stayed bridge project, the Changzhou-Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge integrating an expressway, ordinary highway and inter-city railway.The W12000-450 weighs in at 4,000 tons with a rated load moment of 12,000 ton-meters. It’s the first top-slewing tower crane exceeding 10,000 ton-meters in the world and has a maximum lifting weight of 450 tons and maximum lifting height of 400m, which is the equivalent of lifting 300 cars to a level of 130 floors in one go.



Lifting Up Prospects


According to Mordor Intelligence study estimates, the crane market was valued at US$33 billion in 2020, and is expected to reach US$48 billion by 2026, registering a CAGR of around 6.26% during the forecast period 2021 - 2026. With automation fast making inroads into the equipment manufacturing, cranes segment is here to witness best times ahead.

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