Tuesday, August 16, 2022

Smart Parking Systems



With an aim to provide real-time data information regarding the availability of nearby parking space and allowing driver to accommodate that slot without any interference of other vehicles, Smart parking systems are all set to revolutionize the same in the country. Going ahead, Smart Parking sensing technology will lead the way in delivering proven, fully integrated, end-to-end solutions writes,
Prerna Sharma.


Rapid urbanization of cities is necessitating better road infrastructure and organized parking systems. If the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA)’s figures are anywhere to go by, then all of the increase in the world’s population will live in urban areas. This increase is predicted to be as much as 68% by 2050.

The increasing number of high-rise buildings and luxury projects, coupled with the rising willingness of real-estate developers to deploy automated solutions, is aiding the market growth. A growing fleet of domestic as well as commercial vehicles and the availability of limited parking spaces are leading to a rise in traffic jams in several regions globally. Studies suggest that nearly 35% to 40% of the total congestion in several major cities around the world results from drivers/vehicle owners searching for vacant spaces. Moreover, the time and fuel wasted in finding empty spaces is also a major cause of emissions and air pollution. Parking problems are common for big cities not only in India but globally as well.

As per some rough estimates published in Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) study, a car runs only for 400 hours on an average in a year and is parked the rest of the time (8,360 hours or 95 per cent). This is reflected in the enormous demand for urban land for parking. It has been estimated that the annual demand for additional parking spaces (for cars) can be equivalent to as much as 471 football fields in Delhi, 100 in Chennai, 58 in Chandigarh, and 179 in Gurgaon. This is a wasteful use of land. Surveys in key commercial areas in Indian cities indicate that personal vehicles occupy more than 85% of the parking spaces but meet only a small percentage of the travel demand—typically as low as 4–15%. In contrast, for example, buses take up barely 4–5 per cent of the total ‘equivalent car space’ (ECS) of parking spaces but carry 20 times more people than cars.

Looking at the burgeoning demand, a recent Frost & Sullivan Report of parking market size reported that Smart Parking market is anticipated to reach $100 billion & growing at a CAGR of 18% from 2018 to 2023. In India, the Automated Parking System market size is expected to grow from $110.6 million in 2019 to $253.8 million by 2030, at a CAGR of 7.85%.



Grand View Research has highlighted some of the most prominent driving factors for smart parking systems. These include:


Increased parking concern across the globe: Finding a vacant parking space during peak hours is very difficult in areas such as hospital, hotel & shopping center, airport, university, and exhibition & convention center. The growth in number of population results in issues associated with residential parking as well as commercial. The problem linked to this is solved by using improved features such as notification of available free space by SMS & live updates of space reservation using the smart parking technology. This technology decreases the amount of time spent by the user for finding a vacant parking slot and automate the process of searching the optimal parking floor and spot. Therefore, it creates a huge demand for the smart parking market.


Growth in demand for Internet of Things (IoT)-based technology: Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices that are connected to the internet to perform a specified task by exchanging the data without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. Globally, the time spent on searching for parking slot is more and such related issues in many countries are solved by the University of Kansas by developing a project on smart parking solutions with the use of IoT technology. Moreover, implementation of IoT-based smart parking system helps manage better parking and also reduces driver’s time. For instance, in parking garages, driver can even list the number of parking slots available at the entrance, before entering the garage. This is done by receiving constant information updates from the sensors and providing this information to the driver. Such advancement in the IoT technology for smart parking solutions is expected to significantly drive the smart parking market.


High implementation cost & configuration complexity: Due to constant technological advancements, there is necessity to frequently upgrade the system & software required to keep them compatible with external environment. In addition, the cost of all components including sensor, RFID, and fuzzy logics along with the assembly required in smart parking cost higher to the consumer. As many components and sensors are assembled in a single dielectric plate according to the compatibility, it incurs higher cost. This bulky system takes higher implementation cost as it needs to be connected with the wireless devices for its proper operation. Therefore, high configuration complexity coupled with higher initial implantation cost hinders the wide adoption of the smart parking market.


Rise in investment on building driverless vehicles: Many car manufacturing companies such as Tesla, Waymo, and Ford have tested parking assistance function in the autonomous vehicle that shows free parking space. Development of technology to handle or park the vehicle using the smart phones is adopted by many countries such as Canada, the U. S., Germany, the UK, and others. Furthermore, software companies offer frequent updates to resolve the problem of congestion for the smart parking technique. The continuous advancements in terms of technology and infrastructure are expected to create lucrative growth opportunities for the smart parking market in the near future.




While the market size is exponentially growing along with the challenges, the advancements in smart parking solutions are offering varied benefits. Some of these are:


Real-time occupancy: Real-time data about occupancy availability in a parking spot, vehicle details, customer sizing, data analysis for profiling.


Smart City & Smart Parking: Smart cities aiming to be greener, safer and efficient. Smart parking aids in reducing congestion, organizing parking on time, increasing productivity and easing mobility.


Automated monitoring: Automated parking management through the mobile app reduces management costs and aids in easy monitoring.


Reserve & Pay: Drivers can reserve a parking spot in advance and make the payment digitally resulting in a hassle-free parking experience.

India has different kinds of parking systems in place, which include manually managed parking, parking meters, partially automated fee collection and free-slot identification. Although most modern cars come equipped with driver aids like proximity sensors, reverse or 360° cameras that help the driver park the vehicle more easily, these systems are effective to some extent. But, they are not the solution to parking concerns in growing urban centres where effective space utilisation is of significance.

The new Smart Parking technology reduces the amount of time spent by a car driver to find a vacant slot by facilitating the use of smart mobile applications, real-time data transfer, and suitable infrastructure. In tune with the changing paradigms, Tata Elxsi has come up with smart parking solutions such as advanced assisted parking systems and autonomous parking. The company has a platform for autonomous driving, called ‘Autonomai’ and as a part of it, it has come up with two smart auto-parking solutions – Park By Memory and Parking Slot Detection.

Park By Memory (PBM) is a technology where the car is trained by the driver on how to park in a constrained parking space such as a narrow road or a crowded parking lot. The system learns the parking manoeuvres performed by the user and follows the same path autonomously the next time. The Parking Slot Detection (PSD) assists the driver to locate the availability of the slots by detecting the slot lines and checking the occupancy of the slots. The system can then generate multiple paths for detected slots (nose-in/boot-in and nose-out/boot-out) and it can then be paired with a park assist system that can automatically park the vehicle.

Besides, the company is also working on solutions like Autonomous Valet Parking (AVP) and Infrastructure based parking. With the infrastructure-based parking system, it will enable the car to communicate with parking infrastructure to identify empty parking slots. Autonomous Valet Parking will allow the car to park itself autonomously after dropping the driver off. The system will identify an empty slot and park all by itself.

Even in its emerging stage, the new-age digital parking system has relatively streamlined unstructured parking in India. By introducing technology to traditional ways of parking management, many parking facilities have experienced reduced costs, greater transparency, and higher revenue.

Further, parking lot owners can use digital solutions to levy dynamic pricing, which was impossible without technology. Surge pricing based on the time of day ensures that drivers pay a fair fare. This practice reaps parking lot owners and city authorities’ economic benefits. When it comes to motorists, digital parking has an abundance of benefits to offer.


In the similar vein, Parkoscope mobile app is developed to deliver optimization of parking lots by connecting stakeholders in real-time and automating the entire search and book parking operation. The app is a unique integration of hardware and software offering a coherent interoperable ecosystem. The User Interface of the app is aesthetically designed, allowing users to comfortably interact with the app’s features, content, and functions.


Skyzone presents, SKYTAG – Touchless Automated Parking, the most convenient Radio Frequency (RFID) based parking system for Tower & Puzzle parking systems. The parking is enabled with RFID Card & Car tagging system, which is a fully automatic car parking operation. It requires minimum retrieval time and is one of the most cost effective solutions available in the market.


KLAUS Multiparking organizes & manages the planning & implementation of multi-parking systems globally, offering innovative car parking solutions for everyone. KLAUS Multiparking’s technology combines maximum storage capacity and optimum user comfort with zero sacrifices for vehicle or customer safety. The company’s multiparking systems are a combination of advanced technology and user-friendly operations, that makes them a perfect parking solution.


i-stron’s PitPark is a multilevel parking system having only vertical motion or combination of two vertical motions to its platforms. All PitPark models are driven using hydraulic cylinders. PitPark models compulsorily require a pit for the installation. The foundation requirements are minimal and drainage arrangement is compulsory. PitPark models are available in various dimensions to suit specific requirements.


Parksafe 580 by wohr Parking System Pvt. Ltd. , is an automatically controlled parking system with one central vertical lift and storage shelves positioned either rightwards or leftwards to the vertical lift. Parksafe dispenses the need of ramps and driving lanes, provides safety and security against theft, damage & vandalism and is environment friendly in respect of its compact construction and reduced emission of exhaust gases emitting from the parked vehicle.


RR Parkon’s tower parking system is one of the most efficient independent parking systems in the country. The tower parking can be built up to 70 mtrs. above the ground and 10-15 mtrs below the ground. The ENTRY module is equipped with all the AUTO mechanism, which checks the car’s working envelops as designated and raises the alarm if any oversize vehicle arrives. System ENTRY is equipped with AUTODOOR at the entrance and OPENS/CLOSES when the command is given on the HMI /OPERATING panels by the operator/user. This is just one of the many features that the system offers.




The influence of digital smart cities is changing the experience of consumers and setting expectations that shape demand for parking services. Modern technology innovation has brought advanced parking information to smartphones and rich information to smart cities, offering greater convenience for motorists and car parking operators alike. As our global population in urban areas reaches four billion, smart parking solutions will have a major role to play in bringing about improvements in convenience, congestion, urban mobility, lower costs, and the delivery of practical information and intelligence.

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