19 December 2018

Table of Contents for Concrete & Concrete Equipment

Concrete & Concrete Equipment

On a Concrete Footing


While the last year witnessed major upheavals in the Indian economic policies, the most notable of them were demonetization and GST. The construction industry seems to be on a strong footing yet again with stronger performing concrete & equipment segments which has kept the pace of development going. In the future too, things look pretty stable with the companies making rapid technological strides in the equipment and bringing out innovative materials to gain eco-friendly pasture reports Prerna Sharma.



The number of smart cities is expected to rise exponentially worldwide by 2025. It is anticipated that a total of 67 new smart cities are expected to be built during 2013-2025. This can be attributed to the increasing congestion in urban areas and major metropolitan cities. According to the World Bank, the total global urban population stood at 53.85 per cent of the total world population in 2015. The increasing urban population has put a strain on existing urban services, such as public transport and road networks.


These factors are fueling the growth of the global concrete and road construction equipment market, forecast to grow at a CAGR of 3.69 per cent during the period 2017-2021.One trend in the market is introduction of smart concrete materials.Smart concrete is a type of concrete that can detect shortcomings of conventional concrete and acts as a sensor in finding flaws in it. It is prepared by incorporating some changes in the preparation of theconcrete mix. For example, adding 2-3 Kgs of polypropylene fibers per m3 to the high strength concrete mix increases its fire resistance.






With the booming construction industry in most of the parts of the world, the global concrete admixtures market is expected to rake in a healthy share of the revenue pie. Concrete admixtures are believed to make concrete structures more economical for contractors and other stakeholders. They find their application in residential and non-residential sectors.Emerging countries such as China, India, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, and Egypt will be sights of high growth rate, owing to rising requirements for housing and infrastructure.Concrete admixtures have gained prominence in concrete construction activities as they allow cost reduction. Apart from enhancing the quality of concrete, they help in its maintenance during important stages such as mixing, transporting, placing, and curing and also in adverse weather conditions.






The global ultra-high performance concrete market is expected to reach $1.9 billion by 2025. Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) is an advanced cementitious material with the potential to be a viable solution to improve the sustainability of buildings and other infrastructure components owing to its versatile properties such as high strength, energy capacity, and durability as compared to other conventional concrete products. The properties exhibited by UHPC make it ideal for use in panels and components as they have to perform under shock, explosive conditions, and impact loads.


Roads & bridge construction application segment dominated the market and is anticipated to ascend at a high growth rate over the forecast period. In building construction, UHPC can be used as a structural precast element, column, and facade. Moreover, the material is also used in the machinery industry to manufacture integrated machine parts, which in turn is expected to fuel the m arket growth.The North America region is expected to witness highest growth rate over the forecast period. The construction industry has emerged as a substantial a consumer for UHPC owing to its inherent UHPC benefits and wide applicability, which is in turn is expected to propel the industry growth. Asia Pacific is expected to witness high growth rate over the forecast period. Strong demand from countries such as Japan, China, and South Korea, and the emerging opportunities in countries such as India are expected to contribute to this scenario. The region is characterized by rising awareness regarding UHPC.






The global market for polymer concrete is estimated to be valued at $322 Mn in the year 2017. By 2027, the market is expected to be valued at nearly $692 Mn, registering a CAGR of 7.9 per cent over the forecast period. The global polymer concrete market is expected to witness an incremental dollar opportunity of nearly $370 Mn between 2017 and 2027, primarily driven by an increase in the requirement of materials with high durability, chemical resistance and corrosion resistance, both in industrial and municipal applications.Superior characteristics of polymer concrete as compared to conventional concrete boosting the global market for polymer concrete. Polymer concrete products display higher compressive strength as well as impact strength as compared to other types of concrete products. This is due to the presence of a very low voids content in polymer concrete and due to the toughness of the polymer. Polymer concrete also displays a relatively higher resistance to freezing and thawing, as well as demonstrates high resistance to abrasion and chemical impact. In addition, polymer concrete displays superior resistance to corrosion, along with reduced permeability as compared to conventional concrete. All these characteristics of polymer concrete are widening its applications and boosting the global market.Growing infrastructural activities in Middle East and Africa, Asia Pacific excluding Japan and Latin America fueling the polymer concrete market.






The decorative concrete market size is projected to grow from $9.26 billion in 2017 to reach $12.78 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.66 per cent. The global decorative concrete market is witnessing a growth in demand, owing to the rise in renovation & remodeling activities, growth in interest of consumers toward interior decoration, and rapid urbanization & globalization. The growth in demand from the residential industry also provides an opportunity for market growth, especially in the emerging Asia-Pacific and Middle Eastern & African regions.The stamped concrete segment is projected to account for the largest share by 2022, mainly due to new residential construction and commercial projects that are increasingly adopting stamped decorative concrete. Decorative concrete is lucrative for several reasons such as aesthetic enhancement, improvement of indoor air quality, and skid resistance. The high demand and rapid growth of stamped concrete are supported by its easy installation and higher strength. The growing construction industry also provides an opportunity to the market to grow further.


Decorative concrete finds application in floors, walls, patios, driveways & sidewalks, and pool decks. The floors segment is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The high demand can be attributed to the various benefits it offers to the floors. Decorative concrete improves the aesthetic appeal of the floors as various textures, designs, patterns, and logos can be imparted to it. Decorative concrete is skid-resistant and has high strength which can withstand heavy foot traffic, thereby increasing its demand in floors.





The self-leveling concrete market is estimated to be $4.93 billion in 2017 and is projected to reach $6.22 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 4.7 per cent from 2017 to 2022. Surge in demand for self-leveling concrete in developing nations and the growing construction market are anticipated to drive the self-leveling concrete market in the coming years.Based on type, the underlayment segment is projected to lead the global self-leveling concrete market during the forecast period. Self-leveling underlayment provides smooth and accurate surfaces, and helps to minimize surface imperfections and irregularities to an existing floor. The underlayment type self-leveling concrete is placed over existing subfloors before the installation of floor coverings, such as tiles, carpets, wood, and other polymer-based coverings. Rapid industrialization, growing residential and commercial construction market, along with initiatives of governments of emerging economies for the development of public infrastructure are anticipated to drive the self-leveling concrete market for underlayment in the coming years.


Factors inhibiting the growth of the self-leveling concrete market are lack of awareness among end users and high cost of self-leveling concrete to that of traditional concrete materials. In some developing or underdeveloped countries of the Asia Pacific region as well as Africa and South America, consumers are less aware of the benefits of self-leveling concrete products, about their superior performance, and durability. This hampers the growth of the self-leveling concrete market. Furthermore, the growth of the self-leveling concrete market can be affected by the volatility in supply and prices of raw materials for producing self-leveling concrete materials. However, the self-leveling concrete market has a positive outlook due to the high demand for self-leveling concrete from the construction industry.





The global self-compacting concrete (SCC) market is estimated to be $8.74 billion in 2016, and is projected to reach $15.18 billion by 2026, at a CAGR of 5.7 per cent between 2016 and 2026. Growth of the self-compacting concrete market has been driven by varied factors, such as non-requirement of vibration processes in laying self-compacting concrete, significant reduction in MROcosts of self-compacting concrete, and limited impact on the environment.The combination type SCC is the second-largest and the fastest-growing type of design mix segment of the global self-compacting concrete market. The combination type SCC is created by adding a small amount of stabilizer to the powder type to balance moisture fluctuations in the manufacturing process.The trend of continuous improvement in the concrete frame industry is involved in the process of designing and constructing in-situ concrete frame buildings. This will improve efficiency and profitability of all those involved in supply chain for the construction of such buildings and increase the potential market share for concrete frames within the SCC market.






Owing to the affordable cost of precast concrete manufactured products over other overpriced construction materials, the demand is expected to experience considerable growth for nonresidential application. Increasing globalization has enhanced the need for infrastructural development.


This has resulted in increasing expenditure in infrastructural development, which is expected to improve the sales of precast concrete manufactured products for transportation infrastructure and public structures such as sewage and sanitation systems applications. One of the major restrain of the construction industry is the sustainability issues over the manufacturing of concrete. However, precast concrete manufacturing is carried out in manufacturing plants located away from residential areas, controlled environment and is closely monitored by factory employees hence are considered sustainable.





According to MRC, Global Self-Consolidating Concrete (SCC) Market is expected to grow with a CAGR of 10.9 per cent in future. Growing popularity of low-fines SSC- Smart Dynamic Concrete, improved air quality & a significant reduction in MRO costs and increased consumer emphasis on low-noise construction activities are the key factors propelling the market growth. On the other side, short usage of SCC in constructions and the huge price associated with using SCC are the major restraints hindering the market growth. Adding to this, non-requirement of vibration process in laying SCC and gradually recovering construction and housing sector globally in recent years are the major opportunities for the market growth.






While we have seen the varied developments shaping up in the concrete space, concrete equipment companies are also strategizing in order to gain benefits. Neptune offerscomplete turnkey projects for AAC blocks with automatic pond ash screening, lump breaking and mixing plant, mould pouring, pre curing, automatic cutting line, auto clave cars, block separation line, packaging line, etc.Neptune-Frima (NF) specializes in the innovative development and production of concrete block producing equipment and associated transport and handling systems.


Forest press hydraulics’ Single Mould Press gives a more cost-effective tooling/set up option to the 3-Mould. It is still a 400 Ton power machine, and is capable of producing any product that the three mould can output. The actual standard mould table aperture and press daylight are identical to the three mould machine, although production is naturally slower.This type of machine would be used for low quantity special products, such as radius, dropper, quadrant, return end kerb stones,etc, although in certain parts of the world, it is used as a production machine depending on market demand and competition.


Columbia block machines are based on Columbia's patented vibration technology, CVT which provides true vertical vibration to the mould. CVT enables producers to create the highest quality and widest range of concrete block products in the world. In addition to product versatility, CVT provides producers the following benefits as compared to products made on German concrete block making machines and China / Chinese concrete block making machines: reduced cement consumption, precision height control, uniform product density and extended mould life.Due to their sturdy construction, Columbia block machines require lower maintenance and have useful life upto 50 years, which is far superior to that of competition.


The Model SPM 30 machine is the latest block machine offering from Columbia Machine made in India. With a pallet size of 750mmx600mm and unmatched speeds, the Model SPM30 employs field proven technologies to deliver concrete block products unsurpassed in quality, accuracy and variety. Utilizing variable frequency driven direct vertical mould vibration, superior hydraulics and rugged construction, the Model SPM30 provides greater reliability, durability and productivity with lower down times aided by strong service support from Columbia Machine Engineering in India.


Concrete distribution in the precast and block industry is a critical factor, making the difference in having an efficient production plant. Rollover buckets from Sicoma are more suitable for wet cast. Double Clamshell bucket is usually more effective in the dry cast applications due to the pyramidal shape of the walls.


For double layer blocks and pavers, a twin bucket option is also offered by the company.Twin horizontal rail or Twin vertical rail track can reach the speed of 240 m/min. Maximum inclination of the rail track is 25° (8° without chain system). Hybrid models are also provided whenever both types of concrete (wet and dry) have to be transported and distributed inside the plant.






Various application segments such as highways, houses, bridges, sidewalks, and skyscrapers are expected to significantly add to the rise in the consumption of concrete. Likewise, there is a growing demand from a variety of end users which is equally contributing to the growth. Plasticizers, especially super-plasticizers, are envisaged to lead the international concrete admixtures market among the other segments in the category.


With all its sub-segments gearing up for greater share of pie with their inherent capabilities, the concrete industry will be on a roll in times to come.




  • Ajax Fiori
  • Aquarius Engineers
  • Columbia Machine Engineering
  • Forest Press Machineries
  • KYB Conmat
  • L&T
  • Putzmeister Concrete Machines
  • Schwing Stetter India
  • Sicoma Mixers



Interesting facts

  • Ernest L. Ransome, an English engineer, is credited as the inventor of rebar and the idea of structurally reinforced concrete.
  • Alvord Lake Bridge was built in 1889 in San Francisco, CA. This bridge was the first - and oldest - reinforced concrete bridge, and it still exists today, over one hundred years after it was built. The bridge is also one of the earliest uses of rebar to reinforce structures.
  • In 1908, Thomas Edison designed and built the first concrete homes in Union, New Jersey.Edison’s idea was to make a house out of a single pour of concrete. He believed given the right mold, ‘stairs, mantels, ornamental ceilings and other interior decorations and fixtures’ would form formed from the same pour.




  • Global concrete & construction equipment industry to growth at 3.69 per cent during the period 2017-2021
  • Segments such as highways, houses, bridges, sidewalks, and skyscrapers to fuel the growth
  • Smart concrete material is the growing trend
  • Technology advancements on the equipment side is the need of the hour.



“Our Planetary Mixers are a perfect example of cutting edge technology for high performance mixing. They can handle ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) and UHPRC (re-enforced concrete) in a very efficient way.” Prashanth Kumar, Executive Director, Sicoma Mixers India








“We started the facility and trained our employees and vendors to maintain the quality to address the export market. We completed our 50 per cent export target in the first year itself and we already ship our machines to Qatar, Bahrain, Iran, and Nepal.” Manoj Kumar Pillai, MD, Forest Press Machineries








“Columbia's patented its vibration technology CVT, which combines 80 years of innovative engineering and field proven designs, with industry leading manufacturing capabilities. CVT enables producers to create the highest quality and widest range of products in the world. Uniform product height, consistent product weight, superior appearance, reduced cement requirement, and sharper product edges, are some of the advantages of CVT .” Ashwani Kumar Tandon, Head, Sales & Marketing, Columbia Machine Engg

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