23 October 2019

Table of Contents for Smart Cities





Smart Cities

Smart Quotient

 

In April 2015, the Union Cabinet approved a project to develop 100 smart cities and revive another 500 cities in the country, allocating close to Rs.1 lakh crore for a period of five years. While Rs.48,000 crore has been allowed for 100 smart cities, now renamed Smart Cities Mission, another Rs.50,000 crore has been sanctioned for Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (Amrut) of 500 cities reports Shailaja Sharma.

Each city would get Rs.100 crore every year from the Centre for five years. The remaining money will come from the states, urban bodies and the consortium that they form with corporate entities. Also, 10 per cent of budget allocation will be given to states/Union Territories as incentive based on achievement of reforms during the previous year. The project will be implemented by special purpose vehicles (SPV) to be created for each city.

The overview:

  • Rs.48,000 cr for 100 cities under Smart Cities Mission
  • Rs.50,000 cr for 500 cities under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
  • Rs.100 cr for each city every year from the Centre for five years
  • 10 per cent of Budget allocation will be given to states / Union Territories as incentive based on achievement of reforms during the previous year
  • 20 cities have been shortlisted in the first phase

Most of the smart cities will be old cities that will developed through an ‘area-based’ approach including retrofitting and redevelopment. There will be some greenfield (new) projects like Amravati, Andhra Pradesh, too, which are ideally development of new cities.

Focus is on core infrastructure services like adequate and clean water supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, affordable housing for the poor, power supply, robust information technology connectivity, governance, safety and security of citizens, health and education, and sustainable urban environment.

The government is also pursuing a loan of $1 billion from Asian Development Bank and another $500 million from the World Bank to provide funds to the city SPVs, apart from Japanese International Cooperation Agency ($500 million), BRICS Bank ($ 500 million per city), AFD (€100-200 million).

As of Jan 2017, 11 projects worth Rs.935.93 crore of the 167 projects amounting to Rs.12,000 cr under public-private partnership model have taken off so far, according to urban development ministry data.Another 21 PPP projects worth Rs.2622.23 cr are at various stages of tendering process. Half of the projects being implemented are in BJP-ruled Gujarat – two in Ahmedabad and three in Surat. Three are in Delhi and one each in Bhubaneswar, Belagavi and Pune.

 

TECHNOLOGY TO BE THE MAIN DRIVER

Tehnology is going to be the key driver across the development projects of the Smart City model.

Most recently, the Centre announced that it was planning to extensively utilise geo-spatial technology in realizing its vision to build 100 smart cities. Geo-spatial technology (GST) makes use of satellite navigation systems and computer databases called the Geographical Information System (GIS) to create, capture, store and retrieve geographic and spatial information of any place

According to M V Naidu, Union Urban Development  Minister, cities in the future will be built based on availability of optical fibre networks and next-generation infrastructure.

"It can help the administration create efficient, effective, relevant and integrated planning through the use of real time data and data analytics. Under the Housing for All (Urban) scheme, the Centre envisioned that individual houses should be tracked through geo-tagged photographs for effective monitoring.

The Urban Development Ministry has entered into an MoU with the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad for this.

Under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), the Ministry has launched a mobile application to easily locate, use and rate toilets," he added.

 

 

THE GAP

But in spite of the multiple developments, progress has still been slow. According to the media research firm Gartner, lack of a well-rounded, structured approach and a feasible revenue model are the key challenges delaying the implementation of the smart city projects in India. The firm further predicted that through 2020, less than 10 per cent of smart city projects implemented across the country will be of a large-scale.

"To succeed, technology product management leaders of smart city products and services must focus on a long-term, consultative approach and innovative revenue models," Ganesh Ramamoorthy, Research VP, Gartner, said in a statement.

According to Gartner, the solution lies in engaging early on with the key decision-making officials in that respective city and state departments beyond IT will help product managers of smart city products and solutions to not only gain entry into large-scale physical infrastructure projects but also offer the Internet of Things (IoT) component. Many experts are still concerned about the lack of proper panning to provide suitable solutions for the underprivileged sections of the population, many of them whom continue to get displaced by the Smart city development. Critics argue that the project is also being used as a key justification for a controversial land-acquisition ordinance the government plans to enact.

Sai Balakrishnan, an urban scholar at Rutgers, studying land conflicts and urbanisation in India, “If the government does succeed in building these premium 100 smart cities, but does nothing to alleviate poverty and poor services in the surrounding areas, it could well lead to a politically volatile situation. These visible forms of spatial inequalities engender social mistrust and even violence.”

So while the debate continues, lets look at some of the recent highlights of the top 9 cities selected under the mission.

 

BHUBANESWAR, ODISHA

  • Bhubaneswar, the city to receive the best smart city ranking recently received further praise, a testament to its progress. The city came on as the second runners up under the category of Innovative Global South Award in the World Smart City Expo Awards 2016 held at Barcelona in November.
  • An education hub in eastern India, Bhubaneswar houses the maximum number of reputed educational institutes and has seen a meteoric rise in student population. Today the city has become one of the most leading destinations for doing business, investment, innovation across the country and worldwide.
  • In the recent smart city developments, Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) formed the special purpose vehicle (SPV) to implement the railway station multi-modal hub project under the Smart City Mission.
  • The multi-modal hub, spread over 12 acre will include two towers spread over five acres to accommodate hotels, business establishments, offices, amphitheater and recreational facilities like multi-gyms. Another five acres will be used for creating underground parking, bus and auto-rickshaw stands.
  • Future modifications include a Bus Rapid Transit System.
  • The city is also soon to have a state-of-the-art Urban Museum to showcase it’s culture, heritage and the developments.
  • BDA is also bringing in reforms into its existing planning and building rules, involving all stakeholders including developers, architects, planners, archaeologists, government agencies associated with urban development and officials of BDA and Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC).
  • State-of-the-art institutional core project area coming up at Satya Nagar to provide a centralised facility to citizens. Its institutional cluster will house several major government and private institutions such as the World Trade Centre, central plaza for cultural activities, a dedicated hotel corridor and other facilities and it will be equipped with quality infrastructure such as smart bins, non-vehicular zones, multi-level smart parking, dedicated street vending zones and a central plaza for cultural and congregational activities. The project is expected to provide employment to around 13,850 people and house a population of at least 3,015.
  • Also under process is complete street programme to contribute to the city's beauty and make it more livable, less polluted and green. Will include road safety measures like dedicated cycle tracks and pedestrian ways.
  • In December 2016, the Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) inked a deal with the World Resources Institute (WRI) for a programme to encourage non-motorised transport in the city that will help BDA implement vision zero, which is a plan to reduce accidents on city roads, the public bicycle sharing (PBS) and complete street programme and include high quality urban environment of proper and continuous footpaths, cycle tracks, utility placement, rest area designs, public spaces, junctions and crossings, signage, street furniture and vending spaces.
  • Plans are also underway to run electric-powdered buses on select routes in the Smart City.

 

PUNE, MAHARASHTRA

  • Under the smart city initiative, the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) has launched 14 projects with focus on transport, water, road and solar systems, slum rehabilitation.
  • UKBritain is partnering Pune in the initiative by providing financial and technical assistance.
  • While on the corporate front, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) has been chosen as the implementation partner to convert Pune into a smart city.
  • L&T will set up a state-of-the-art Smart City Operation Centre (SCOC) to integrate all its services and applications on a single platform. It will enable Wi-Fi at around 200 strategic locations across the city, setting up emergency call boxes and public address systems, environmental sensors, variable messaging displays, network connectivity and video analytics integration.
  • The project includes a revenue monetisation model, a first in the country for smart cities.
  • Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) bagged ISO 37120 certificate for highest degree of data compliance. It was recently selected as pilot city along with Surat and Jamshedpur for a joint initiative termed 'City Data' by TATA Trust and World Council for City Data (WCCD). The initiative will build data capabilities and facilitate governance. Pune along with Surat and Jamshedpur were the cities selected for this initiative.
  • Under 'City Data', Pune now joins the global network of certified cities and would provide an opportunity to reassess quality of city data in 96 out of 100 indicators measuring city's livability including governance, health, education, transport, water, environment, safety, economy, finance, recreation, energy among others.
  • Another pilot project in Pune City East Division is CSI, an integrated system that includes counter operations, delivery operations, financial activities and human resource management to augment the service delivery efficiency of the post offices.
  • With the implementation of CSI, Pune will have the distinction of implementing all modules of the IT modernisation project — core banking solution, core insurance solution, core system integration and rural information and communications technology.
  • So far, the city has also won three awards for Smart City project in a competition organised by Business-World Awards 2016, {first award for 'Innovative Smart Solution - Knowledge and Intellectual Category' was awarded to Pune Lighthouse Project, second award for 'Innovative Smart Solution - Infrastructure' awarded to Pune Smart City 24x7 water supply initiative and the third award, 'Innovative Smart Solution - Social' award was presented for Pune Care App)
  • In September last year, The Pune Smart City Development Corporation (PSCDCL) signed a two-year Memorandum of Understanding with the European Business and Technology Centre (EBTC) to leverage European Smart City solutions for the Pune Smart City project. The EBTC has been identified as the 'Knowledge and Technical Cooperation Partner for the Pune Smart City Project".
  • The EBTC is expected to share real-time knowledge of technologies, solutions and best practices from Europe for the PSCDCL Smart City Project.

 

JAIPUR, RAJASTHAN

  • The pink city is the capital and largest city (in term of size) in Rajasthan and the tenth most populous city in the country.
  • Two broad smart city movements in the city- one headed by the Jaipur Development Authority (JDA) and the second by Jaipur Smart City Limited, the SPV formed to take forward the union government's mission.
  • Most of JDA's initiatives are independent of the proposals Jaipur Smart City Ltd, but aimed towards the Smart city mission.
  • JDA's smart city projects, included security camera installations, among others, were worth Rs.18 crore in phase one (October 2015), Rs.24 crore in phase two (April 2016), and Rs.39 crore in the third phase.
  • In May 2016, Sterlite Technologies won the Jaipur Smart City Phase-II project to boost the heritage tourism industry and bring smarter living experience to the citizens. The scope of the project includes setting up citizen services kiosks with environmental sensors and Interactive Information Kiosks, Wi-Fi network extension, video surveillance for public safety and security at key locations.
  • This year the Jaipur Smart Mission Ltd (JSML) has also invited applications for tenders of four projects worth approximately Rs.200 crore for including smart road, smart solution, smart class rooms and smart solid waste management
  • Smart road will be equipped with facilities like smart lights, ducting system, bio-toilets, WiFi etc. Only battery operated rickshaws to ply on smart roads.
  • Smart class rooms to be developed in the 10 state -run government schools
  • Tenders for smart solid waste centre worth Rs.9.25 crore was invited online
  • The state government is also planning to earmark a housing colony to develop it as 'smart mini city’, which will have all the facilities that fulfill the parameters of smart mini city.
  • JSML has appointed Epista, a Spanish company, a project management consultant (PMC) for the execution and implementation of the smart city project in Jaipur.
  • On the corporate front, Genpact, the country’s largest business process outsourcing firm and American networking giant Cisco launched a global center of excellence in Jaipur as part of Cisco's Lighthouse City project, which is a global initiative to extend its smart cities initiative.
  • The initiative will be hosted and operated in Genpact’s facility in Jaipur and will serve as an innovation lab for Genpact and its partnering technology firms.
  • Genpact is using data gathered from Cisco's Smart+Connected Digital Platform (CDP), Cisco Connected Mobile Experiences, and Cisco Video Surveillance Manager Solutions to develop analytics-driven technology applications in the Center, aimed to enhance the quality and performance of urban services, allow the government to engage effectively with its citizens, and provide real-time responses to operational challenges for these services.
  • With this Jaipur joins the list of cities that includes Hamburg, Barcelona and Adelaide to become Cisco's 'Lighthouse City' - an internal adage it uses for cities where governance, administration, bureaucracy and city plans converge well enough for it to become a smart city.

 

SURAT, GUJARAT

  • India’s 8th largest city of India in terms of population and largest in non-capital cities. It is hub to the diamond and textile industry
  • The Smart city project is divided into Pan City Projects &Area Based Development Projects.
  • Pan City Projects includes :
    • SMAC (SMArt City) Center - envisaged as an administrative control center for the city of Surat for effective and efficient delivery of all civic services by providing real time information about civic facility utilisation in the city.
    • Integrated Traffic and Mobility Administration Center (IT-MAC)will house various departments/entities involved with managing city traffic and mobility like BRTS, City Bus, Traffic Police, RTO, Fire, Emergency Services, etc. IT-enabled applications will help all the concerned agencies to co-ordinate and support each other for smooth traffic operations.
    • Common City Payment System - This will be Co-Branded Multi-Application Contact less Smart Card. It is envisioned to offer wide range of civic services to citizens with convenience of using single SMART card only.
    • Connected Surat - This component aims at assured and affordable connectivity for all in Surat.
    • Development of ERP and GIS platform - The ERP for critical Municipal Operations is a framework for integrated solutions on a common technology platform to address process automation needs of Surat Municipal Corporation.
    • Automatic Fare Collection System (AFCS) - This IT enabled service will make present public transport system more efficient and citizen friendly.
  • Area Based Development Projectsto focus on development of a particular area that creates sustainable economic development and high quality of life by smart interventions.
  • It includes Water Supply Management, Quality and Water Recharging, Renewable Energy Sources (Solar, Wind & Biogas) and Street Light, Town Planning & Development, Housing & Inclusiveness (Affordable Housing)and Economic Development.
  • Last June, the civic body Monday inked an MoU with Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) for setting up solar power plants on the rooftops of the residential, educational, commercial and industrial buildings in Smart City Surat.
  • All residential buildings opting for this will get 30 per cent and 10 per cent subsidy from the Central and state governments, respectively. The union government will give 30 per cent subsidy for hospitals and educational institutes while Renewable Energy Service Company (RESCO) will give 30 percent subsidy for commercial and industrial complexes.
  • The city has also been selected under the City Data for India jointly launched by The Tata Trusts and the World Council on City Data (WCCD) to help build data capabilities of cities across India and facilitate accountable governance. It has received WCCD ISO 37120 city data certification through the City Data for India initiative and is now included in WCCD’s Global Cities Registry.
  • June also saw the inauguration of a newly built Smart City Centre at Surat Municipal Corporation head office in Muglisara in Surat.
  • The smart city centre built at the cost of Rs.3.90 crore, will keep an eye on different development projects of Surat city and monitor the activities of the different departments of SMC like monitoring of different services, like night brushing, cleaning of roads, garbage collection and disposal, road repairing, health services and illegal constructions, can be done on the screens.
  • For its speedy implementation and high rate of progress, Surat is likely to get the second year's celebratory function of Smart city mission.

 

KOCHI, KERALA

  • Kochi was ranked 5th among the 20 cities that were picked up by an expert team.
  • The key components for Kochi’s urban rejuvenation are making available tapped water supply, redesign of streets and laying of ducts, disabled-friendly public spaces, redevelopment of railway stations, augmenting water transport, introduction of e-rickshaws/electric vehicles for last mile connectivity, creating and managing open spaces, integrating different commuting modes and enabling seamless connectivity among them, seamless Wi Fi connectivity, tapping renewable-energy sources, smart lighting, improving security through CCTV surveillance, waterfront development and development of markets.
  • The Pan City Solution for Kochi includes Solutions to improve the efficiency of existing civic service in whole Kochi MC area like 24X7 Water Supply and Integrated Smart card and Kochi App
  • Area Based Development includes integrated Water Transport project between Fort Kochi and Central City Area, City Redensification in Central City Area, Heritage Management and Tourism promotion in Fort Kochi and Mattancherry, Housing Projects in Mattancherry, Improvement of basic infrastructure services and Canal Rejuvenation
  • Today the city is ranked fourth under Swachh Bharat initiative.
  • It’s a bin free city with 100 per cent door to door collection of garbage
  • Procurement for a 300 crore waste to energy project has been completed.
  • Established CKC Ltd for Plastic/e-waste collection/ processing
  • Recently in June 2016, The German government has offered help to Kochi, Coimbatore, and Bhubaneswar for urban rejuvenation and sustainable development

 

AHMEDABAD, GUJARAT

  • Japan has decided to be associated with the development of Chennai, Ahmedabad and Varanasi as smart cities
  • After almost eight months of the announcement, Ahmedabad got its first installment of Rs.194 crore funding for smart city projects. Of this, there were plans by Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) to turn almost Rs.100 crore into equity.
  • Ahmedabad has a major plan for the redevelopment of nearly 70 hectares area around the Sabarmati Ashram. New houses under the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) housing scheme will replace the existing slum on both sides of the Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) route starting from Vadaj Circle, the area behind this will have a huge garden measuring up to 60 acre.
  • In June last year, ICICI Bank, in association with Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC), launched 'Smart City Pre-paid Card', a first-of-its kind offering in the country. It enables the residents of the city to pay for an array of facilities including taxes, bills, entry fee to common city areas and at retail outlets by using a single pre-paid card.
  • Last December, the global information technology (IT) giant Cisco on Thursday signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Gujarat International Finance Tec-City(Gift City) for smart city services.As part of the agreement, Cisco India and Gift will jointly provide public Wi-Fi, smart parking, smart transport, traffic analytics, smart kiosk and Remote Expert Government Services (REGS) in GIFT City near Gandhinagar. Cisco will also install environmental sensors in Gift City which would measure the air pollution real time. A City Command and Control Centre will also be established to offer effective transportation system in Gandhinagar and Gift City.
  • Cisco also signed another MoU with International Centre for Entrepreneurship and Technology (iCreate) to build an IoT innovation hub at iCreate's new campus at Dev Dholera near Bavla to foster local innovation. The innovation centre will enable startups and entrepreneurs to build smart city and IoT-based solutions.

 

JABALPUR, MADHYA PRADESH

  • Jabalpur Municipal Corporation (JMC) has initially selected an area of 700 acres (2.8 sq km) to be converted to a smart space by introducing the concepts of a Smart City. In future, the corporation will extend the Smart City concept to 2000 acres land (about 8 sq km), covering other localities,
  • The Jabalpur civic body on Tuesday begun constructing a site to introduce its first smart dustbin near Manas Bhawan in Wright Town.
  • The Jabalpur Municipal Corporation plans to install 50 such dustbins in the town’s 700 acres land that is being developed under the centrally sponsored smart city project.
  • The corporation has already planned to install GPS in trucks transporting garbage to track them. Notably, door-to-door garbage collection is operational in 58 out of the 79 municipal wards.
  • A plant is also being set up at Kathonda under the public-private partnership for disposal of garbage.
  • In Sept 2016, The Jabalpur Municipal Corporation introduced J Cards — plastic money cards to be used in public transports, at kirana stores, chemists, milk booths, cafes and eateries. The JMC has also launched an app ‘J 311’ to address public services.

 

VISAKHAPATNAM, ANDHRA PRADESH

  • Visakhapatnam along with four other cities — Pune, Bhubaneshwar, Surat and Ahmedabad — is leading the progress made under the first round of the government’s flagship scheme. It had ranked eighth in the first round of the smart cities challenge.
  • The Smart city initiative includes 24/7 Water supply, 24/7 Power supply, Solar Power Energy, Underground Drainage, Sanitation, Greenary & Cleanliness, Playgrounds & Parks, Affordable Housing especially for the poor - Slums free, Underground Gas pipelines, Underground Electrical Cable Project and Pollution free environment.
  • The US-based Consultancy, AECOM, which is Project Management Consultant (PMC) for smart city
  • The “Smart Streets” initiative, one of the important projects of ‘Smart City’, aims to provide facilities, transportation and all basic needs with clean and neat environment. A study is being conducted to beautify some areas of the zone (Jagadamba region-Siripuram-Kailasagiri) which were selected by the citizens of Vizag through polls in 2015. Jagadamba junction to Kurupam Market, Jagadamba to Naval Coastal Battery via the Collectorate and Naval Coastal Battery to Park Hotel junction have been selected for the first phase.
  • The Smart Streets initiative is to provide cycling tracks, pedestrian footpaths, complete CCTV surveillance, uninterrupted electricity and good roads.
  • GVMC sources said that a few roads have to be re-engineered for the cycling tracks and footpaths.
  • Besides, Smart poles will be erected and officials will make sure that parking spaces are provided in good number. Most of the wires will be laid underground.
  • Additional deputy commissioner of police (ADCP-Traffic) K Mahendra Patrudu said, “CCTV surveillance and parking issues will be sorted out as far as traffic department is concerned. We would have technically advanced Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) cameras and signaling system would be perfect.”
  • The city had already taken a major step by receiving nearly 4 lakh suggestions as part of the smart city challenge and is the first in the country to implement 100 per cent LED streetlights.
  • In August 2016, the US Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) launched their second phase of support to Visakhapatnam's efforts to build safe, efficient and integrated urban infrastructure. The plan includes recommending planning frameworks for the entire city as well as developing specific recommendations to grow four key urban centers. It also includes critical infrastructure such as transportation, water supply, sanitation and energy, as well as citizen-focused areas like social infrastructure and resilience planning," it added.
  • Since the project launched, a team of US companies - led by AECOM, including KPMG and IBM - have been working closely with leaders from Andhra Pradesh and Vizag to identify the planning and investments required to sustainably grow and modernise the city.
  • This Jan, the Chief Minister, Mr. Chandrababu Naidu announced during the CII Partnership Summit 2017 that Govt is going to build a Mega Convention center, Hotel, Multiplexes, Shopping Complex at APIIC Ground, Harbour Park. Salient features of the mega convention center project are, an exhibition center, Five star hotel, shopping mall with multiplexes, leisure facilities or amusement park and food courts. Convention Centre - 5,000 pax. Exhibition Centre - 50,000 sq. ft. Hotel - 5 star 150 keys. Commercial complex/ plaza - Built up area - 200,000 sq. ft. Support facilities and infrastructure. Parking facility.

 

DAVANGERE, KARNATAKA

  • Davangere have received Rs.388 crore, 10 months after being selected for the Smart City initiative.
  • The Centre and state governments have chipped in with Rs.194 crore each (two annual instalments for the five-year Smart City Mission).
  • In Davangere, besides taking up improvement in basic infrastructure, there are plans for taking up development of Mandakki Bhatti, a major hub of puffed rice manufacture units.
  • The plan is to provide environmental-friendly modern machines and develop civic infrastructure in the locality under public private partnership model.
  • Other projects planned include redevelopment of Mandipet wholesale market and improvement of the 200-year-old Durgamba temple, located in the heart of the city. The Durgamba temple can be taken up for revitalisation under the heritage and cultural precinct head of the Smart City initiative.



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