15 December 2018




Narendra Damodardas Modi, the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, is known for stringent reformation and modernisation of India’s infrastructure, establishing sound foreign relationships and direct investment, improvisation of national standards of health and sanitation. He holds a degree in political science and a Master’s Degree for the same from Gujarat University. He was assigned by the RSS to the BJP in 1985 and in 1988 and was elected organising secretary of the party's Gujarat unit, marking his entrance into electoral politics. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and his economic policies received adulation despite his term being a highly controversial one. He is currently a Member of the Parliament from Varanasi.


In September 2014, he introduced the Make in India initiative to encourage foreign companies to manufacture products in India with the intention of spinning India into a global manufacturing hub. Under his leadership, the Planning Commission was abolished and replaced with a think tank called NITI Aayog and liberalised India's foreign direct investment policies, allowing more foreign investment in numerous industries. Modi launched a star scheme for developing 100 smart cities and also unveiled the "smart villages" initiative with the goal of at least 2,500 smart villages by 2019 under which rural villages will be given Internet access, clean water, sanitation, and low-carbon energy.


Modi launched Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana in August 2014, in which 21.90 crore accounts have been opened and an amount of Rs. 377.75 billion ($5.6 billion) have been deposited by 18 May 2016.


Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana and Sukanya Samriddhi Account are some of the missions launched for women empowerment. In June 2015, Modi launched the "Housing for All By 2022" project, which intends to eliminate slums in India by building about 20 million affordable homes for India's urban poor. Skill India campaign was launched on July 2015 with an aim to train over 40 crore (400 million) people in India in different skills by 2022. It includes various initiatives of the government like "National Skill Development Mission", "National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015", "Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)" and the "Skill Loan scheme". He announced an International Solar Alliance (ISA) at the CoP21 Climate Conference on 30 November 2015. On 2 October 2014, Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan ("Clean India") campaign. The stated goals of the campaign included eliminating open defecation, eliminating manual scavenging, and improving waste management practices.


Modi launched the Digital India programme to ensure that government services are available to Indians electronically to ensure rural areas get high-speed Internet access, boost manufacturing of electronic goods in the country and promote digital literacy.


In 2016, he announced his target to double the income of farmers by 2022. He also launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana in 2016. On 29 September 2016, the Indian Army stated that it had conducted a surgical strike on terror launchpads in PoK. Modi’s government presented this operation as preventative self-defence against terrorism and terrorist infrastructure.


Modi was named Best Chief Minister in a 2007 nationwide survey and Forbes Magazine ranked him the 15th-most-powerful person in the world in 2014. In 2015, he was ranked fifth on Fortune magazine's second annual list of 'World's Greatest Leaders'.


In 2016, Goods and Services Tax Bill was passed by the Parliament of India marking one of the biggest Economic reform in India and in November 2016, Modi's government demonetised the Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi Series, with the objective of curbing corruption, black money, fake currency and terrorism making policies transparent and reliable to attract foreign investors. This calls for increased digital transactions which aims to root out corruption and bring down the cost of banking services.


This move was countered by an array of diverse reaction which was met with fierce determination from the government who beckoned the citizens of India to bear with the incongruities for a while to foster a better tomorrow.

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